Any type of company - manufacturers, distributors, printers, retailers, or some other type of business - that generates a minimum 10 tons (20,000 pounds) of recyclable commodities each month should invest in a baler. Choosing the right baler for your volume allows you to streamline your recycling program and maximize the revenue you receive from your recyclable materials by:
- forming solid blocks of individual commodity: old corrugated cardboard (OCC), plastics bottles, plastic film and shrink wrap, etc.
- doubling commodity value when you process it yourself
- allowing you to get rid of excess gaylords, saving floor space
- maximizing weight of your recyclables so you don't pay to haul air
Balers are a tool in your recycling program, and like any tool it's important to choose the right one for the job. Don't waste money on a baler that does more than you need; for many businesses the simplest choice is the best one. On the other hand, larger volume generators will find that the right investment in equipment helps trim labor costs involved in recycling.
Types of Balers
There are two general types of balers: vertical, or downstroke, and horizontal. The amount of material you bale each month largely determines the baler that's right for you.
Downstroke (Vertical) Baler:
A downstroke baler, also called a vertical baler, has the smaller footprint of the two basic types. They stand about 5' wide, 3' deep, and 12' high and have a large cylinder at the top. Loading is done manually, and compacted bales are then hand-tied with wire before being loaded on a trailer.
It's cost-effective to move away from compactors and invest in a downstroke baker if you generate at least
- 2 tons of loose plastic film, shrink wrap, or other LDPE each month per month OR
- 10 tons of loose OCC per month
- An equavalent combination of plastic and cardboard
Low profile downstroke baler:
Low profile downstroke balers are an option for when you have a height restraint. These are designed to fit under a standard 8' ceiling. Instead of having one large top cylinder, low profile balers have two smaller cylinders that do the work.
Pricing on new downstroke balers starts at about 13K, or $300/month on a 3-year lease.
Horizontal balers are shorter and quite a bit wider than downstroke balers. In a horizontal baler, material is compressed from a side ram. Bales from the smaller machines must still be tied by hand, but when you move to larger capacity balers there in an option to include auto-tie systems.
If you generate 25 tons or more OCC per month, you should move to a horizontal baler; at this level of cardboard generation, we find that the labor costs involved render a downstroke baler to be no longer cost-effective.
Pricing on new horizontal balers starts at about 60K, or 1500/month on a 3-year lease.
Choosing a baler:
In order to choose the right baler for your needs,
- Start by knowing the volume of materials you recycle each month. Our complementary waste and recycling audit will give you that information.
- Consult with a recycling equipment consultant to determine exactly the capacity machine you need. Some of the variables are size, capacity, bale size and consistency, and variety of materials processed.
- Finance equipment through your bank or other lender.